Since ancient times, the Indian culture and livelihood consisted of Gold jewellery as its primary means of embellishment of humans and decorating sculptures at noble places. Even the most historic civilizations of the world handed over evidences which proves the same. Gold is often classified as a financial asset which is looked upon as recession or juncture confirmation and is often found to be something to obsess over. And over the decades, the dawn of exquisite Indian jewellery designs, persistent craftsmanship has been observed and with this, came the various categories of the Indianjewellery designs with each of them possessing their own unique and distinctive craftsmanship.
Meenakari Jewellery– The history of Meenakaari traces back to the Mughal periods when it was first used in the Arabic Countries and introduced in India by the Mughals. The Meenakari technique of jewellery design leaves the gold with artistic engraved forms of natural flowers and birds. Enamel dusts can be observed on the carvings which are later mixed with metal with the help of heat provided to each individual groove. The grooves are finally given a fine luster by some smooth crystal polishing.
The Meenakari design soon spread throughout India shortly after the dilettante of Arts, Raja Sawai Mansingh patronized the rich art and started inviting skilled artisans to his kingdom, which ultimately resulted in the widespread of this highly appreciated skill to the localjewellery makers. It is also observed that Meenakari soon was listed in the south Indian jewellery trends.
Jadau/Jadtar Jewellery– The Jadau design is said to have originated from the state of Rajasthan. In this design, the main beauty comes from the highly decorated arrangements of crystals, stones as well as pearls. The Jadau jewelry’s elegant looks combined with skilled efforts and craftsmanship, has really made it popular, mainly among the women in the northern side of India.
The Jadau design of jewellery involves the gold to be melted and then the stones can be put into it as wished. After a prolonged time, the beauty is born without any further touching as the gold loses its heat. For protection against shackles, which might cause the stones to move, soldering of gold foils is done.
The Jadau gained widespread popularity mainly in the western side of India where Jadau is mainly sold. However, further designs such as Polki and Kundan exist as they are considered as a sub-category of Jadau as they somewhat use the same technique.
Polki Jewellery– This design is a sub-category of the Jadau, and it enhances the glossiness of the Jadau with uncut diamonds obtained from mines and as it is made up of quality diamonds with unprocessed gold, it makes thejewellery non-inexpensive from every angle. And as Meenakaari, this too is adopted from Mughals but it highly refers to the original Jadau jewellery.
Kundan jewellery–Just as the word means, Kundan refers to gold jewellery but not only that, what makes it different from general gold jewellery is not only the amount of molten gold it requires but also the rich arrangements of glass beads, pearls and gems it uses.